Repair VW Sharan

. Diesel engines: 1,9 l TDI.
+ 1. Introduction
+ 2. Engine VR6
+ 3. The two-litre engine (ADY)
+ 4. System of greasing of the engine
+ 5. Cooling system
+ 6. System of injection of fuel of engine VR6
+ 7. System Simos of injection of fuel of the 2,0-litre engine
+ 8. Ignition system
+ 9. Coupling
+ 10. A mechanical 5-step transmission
+ 11. Shaft of a drive of wheels
+ 12. The steering hydraulic booster
+ 13. A forward suspension bracket
+ 14. A back suspension bracket
+ 15. Brake system
- 16. An electric equipment
   + 16.1. The storage battery
   + 16.2. The generator
   - 16.3. A starter
      16.3.1. Starter check
      16.3.2. Removal and starter installation
      16.3.3. Dismantling and starter assemblage
   + 16.4. Screen wipers
   + 16.5. Headlights
   16.6. Back lanterns
   16.7. Replacement of lamps of forward indexes of turn
+ 17. The diesel engine
+ 18. System of greasing of the diesel engine
+ 19. System of cooling of the diesel engine
+ 20. The power supply system of the diesel engine and turbocharger
+ Maintenance service card
+ Specifications and characteristics
+ Electroschemes




Folksvagen Sharan/Sharan repair>> Electric equipment>> Starter



The basic part of system of start-up is the direct current electric motor — a starter fed from АБ. The starter consists of the electric motor, the mechanism of a drive and the traction relay. Starter inclusion is carried out by contacts of its traction relay which enters into gearing a gear wheel of a starter and with a gear wreath of a flywheel, and also provides inclusion стартерной chains at the closed contacts of the switch. The drive mechanism transfers a twisting moment from a starter shaft to a flywheel through a tooth gearing and after the beginning of work of the engine prevents transfer of a twisting moment from a flywheel on a starter shaft. The starter is the most powerful consumer of electric energy on the car.


Possible malfunctions, their reasons and elimination methods
Cause of defect
Elimination method

At ignition inclusion the control lamp of category АБ does not light up
1. It is discharged АБ.
1. Start the engine by means of auxiliary starting wires a method прикуривания or towage.

2. The control lamp has fused.
2. Replace fused lamp.

3. Ослабло fastening of wires on АБ or corresponding plugs were oxidised.
3. Tighten fastenings of wires. Check up connections, if necessary smooth out plugs and conclusions АБ.

4. The electric chain between the lock of ignition, a control lamp of category АБ and the generator is broken off.
4. Address on СТОА.

5. Has fused a safety lock in the assembly block.
5. Replace a safety lock.

6. Coal brushes or a pressure regulator are faulty.
6. Replace coal brushes and a pressure regulator.

The control lamp burns at engine work
1. Проскальзывание a belt of a drive of the generator
1. Adjust a belt tension.

2. Breakage or short circuit in diodes of a food of a winding of excitation.
2. Replace the damaged diodes.

3. The pressure regulator is damaged.
3. Replace a pressure regulator.

4. Breakage in one or several gates of the generator.
4. Replace выпрямительный the block.

5. Breakage or межвитковое short circuit in a winding статора, its short circuit on "weight".
5. Replace статор the generator.

6. Short circuit on "weight" of conclusions of a winding of excitation of the generator.
6. Replace a generator rotor.

Raised шумность the generator
1. The nut of fastening of a pulley of the generator is weakened.
1. Tighten a nut.

2. Generator bearings are damaged.
2. Replace bearings.

3. Mezhvitkovoe short circuit or short circuit on "weight" of a winding статора.
3. Replace статор.

4. Short circuit in one of generator gates.
4. Replace выпрямительный the block.

5. A scratch of brushes.
5. Wipe brushes and contact rings a cotton napkin moistened in gasoline.